When conservative treatments fail to provide relief for a herniated disc or when the condition is severe, spinal fusion surgery may be recommended. In this article, we will explore spinal fusion surgery, what it entails, and what patients can expect during the process.
Spinal fusion surgery aims to stabilize the spine by joining two or more vertebrae together. This fusion can be achieved using bone grafts, often taken from the patient’s precio operacion hernia discal hip or a donor, and metal hardware such as screws, rods, or plates. The procedure is commonly used for herniated discs when other treatments have proven ineffective.
Here’s what you should know about spinal fusion surgery:
- Preoperative Preparation: Before the surgery, you will undergo a series of medical evaluations, including blood tests and imaging scans, to ensure that you are a suitable candidate for spinal fusion. Your surgeon will discuss the procedure with you and provide information on what to expect.
- Anesthesia: Spinal fusion surgery is performed under general anesthesia to keep you unconscious and pain-free during the procedure.
- Incision and Access: A surgical incision is made over the affected area of the spine, providing access to the vertebrae and herniated disc.
- Disc Removal: The surgeon removes the herniated disc material and any damaged tissue. The bone grafts are then placed between the vertebrae, promoting the fusion process.
- Hardware Placement: Metal hardware, such as screws and rods, may be used to secure the vertebrae in the correct position while the fusion occurs.
- Closure: Once the procedure is complete, the incision is sutured closed.
- Recovery: Recovery from spinal fusion surgery can be more extensive than microdiscectomy. Patients may need to stay in the hospital for a few days, and the full recovery process can take several months. Physical therapy is often a crucial component of rehabilitation.
It’s important to note that while spinal fusion surgery can provide stability to the spine, it may limit some range of motion in the affected area. Patients should carefully follow their surgeon’s postoperative instructions and engage in rehabilitation to maximize their chances of a successful recovery.
In conclusion, spinal fusion surgery is a more extensive but effective option for individuals with severe herniated discs. It aims to provide stability to the spine and alleviate symptoms, but it also involves a longer recovery period compared to minimally invasive procedures. Consulting with a spine specialist is essential to determine if spinal fusion is the right choice for your specific condition.